Blue and white, red in glaze, nine pavilions with sea pattern plum vase
A pair of blue and white plum bottles with nine red patterns in the glaze, made in Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty, are 35cm high, 7.2cm in diameter and 13.6cm in bottom diameter. It belongs to the Royal treasure, which means “sit steadily on the river and the mountain”. The trumpet has a flat mouth, shoulders and waist. It looks like a strong eight flag warrior, full of strength and tension. With blue and white sea waves, red in glaze dragon and blue and white eyes, it represents the ninth and fifth emperor of heaven. The dragon has different dynamics. They all open their eyes, extend their claws and show their bodies. The mane and hyena are flying, magnificent and magnificent. The combination of work and writing, such as running clouds and flowing water, fully shows the surging sea and the mighty momentum of flying dragons, with strong movement and unique charm. Blue and white underglaze red is one of the traditional underglaze decoration in China. It was created in Tang Dynasty, continued in Song Dynasty, matured in Yuan Dynasty and flourished in Ming and Qing Dynasties. There were many productions in Ming Dynasty, and the technology of Qing Dynasty was very mature. It uses copper as a colorant to depict various patterns on the body of the green body, and then the transparent glaze is fired in a high-temperature reducing atmosphere, showing red patterns in the glaze, so it is called “red in glaze”.
Because it is very difficult to burn qualified products, their products are very valuable. There is a separate decoration for underglaze red, but most of them are decorated together with blue and white, which is called “underglaze red of blue and white”,
Its characteristics are not only the “quiet and elegant, quiet and stable” characteristics of blue and white, but also add the magnificent red in glaze, enrich the color effect, and form an elegant and simple artistic style. Therefore, blue and white underglaze red porcelain has become one of China’s precious porcelain varieties. The biggest characteristic of underglaze red is that it is difficult to burn and its yield is very low. In Yongzheng’s year, there was a new breakthrough in the process of firing blue and white underglaze red porcelain. The artisans added mineral pigments such as iron oxide red and selenium red in the raw materials, which increased the normal color temperature of underglaze red by more than 1000 ℃, close to the temperature of firing blue and white porcelain. Therefore, it greatly improves the probability of firing blue and white underglaze red porcelain. It is also because of this technological breakthrough that Jingdezhen official kilns in Yongzheng and Qianlong periods produced blue and white glazed red porcelain of high quality, which became famous official kilns of the Qing Dynasty at home and abroad.
The dragon in this painting has a great momentum, flying between the sea and the clouds. The red and blue glow. It successfully combines the painting techniques of the song people with the new artistic carrier of porcelain painting, which makes the audience admire.
The pattern of Yunlong painted in this article is from the painting of Chen Rong and Mo long in the Southern Song Dynasty. The vivid and sharp three toed dragon claws are particularly striking, with distinctive characteristics of the times. This pattern is common in the arts and crafts of Tang, song and Yuan Dynasties, and is extremely rare in the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty
Yongzheng’s works, which are the same as this one, are exhibited in Changchun Palace Museum in Beijing. In the auction market, one case was auctioned by China Jiade in the spring of 1998, with the number of 752. In addition, Beijing Hanhai spring auction No. 1671 in 2001, with a wound in the mouth, sold for 10.45 million yuan.
There are still several excellent works of the same style of official kilns made in Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. There are two examples of the same painting style as this one. The pictures of Qianlong style artists are full of clouds, nine flying dragons of different sizes and shapes, leaping in the sea of clouds, and the blue and white colors are appropriate, which makes the ink and water texture extremely successful. The paintings of Jiulong flying, but with less clouds, are less impressive On this basis, the painting of cloud gas is the background color, but all dragon shapes are floating on the cloud gas, which is mysterious and dynamic from time to time. The same situation also occurs in the collection of a Qianlong style official kiln porcelain in Beijing Imperial Palace. The blue and red colors are lovely, and the strokes are exquisite. However, the cloud gas is also used as the background, lacking the interactive perspective with the red dragon.
It’s very rare for this pair of nine display plum vase with sea pattern. Insiders know that one plus one cultural relics is not equal to two, but higher than three! He has a very high collection value! High artistic value! High economic value!